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旅游英语 - 应急复习版

学习时间:1小时
目的: 帮助有一段时间不用英语的同学 复习,可以在飞机上完成~~~
其他: 欢迎英语好的同学纠正错误,补充实用内容~~
备注: 英国不大,但口音很多...变化挺大,听不懂某个人说话很正常~

2015-9-14 17:02 

机场英语
假设你选择的是国外航空公司,同时该公司没有中文服务人员。如果选择的是国航等,那就不用考虑托运行李,飞机上的英语了。

      

1. 托运行李
-  递给对方护照和机票,对方可能会问:
    How many luggages are you checking in? (有多少件托运行李?)
    Do you have a carry on? (有手提行李没?)
    Can you place your baggage up here? (请把行李放上来(传送带/小盒子))
-  出票前可能会问:
    Do you prefer window or aisle? (想靠窗还是靠走廊)如果对方不问你,但是你想找个靠窗座位,可以说
    Can I have a seat closest to the window?
-  最后,对方给你登机牌,会告诉你登机门号和时间:
    Here are your tickets. The gate number is on the bottom of the ticket.
    They will start boarding 20 minutes before the departure time. You should report to gate C2 by then.
    C2 is around the corner and down the hall. Thank you."
* 如果你行李超重,对方会说 your luggage is overweight. 以上问题回答都是yes, no的就  不写了。

        

2. 飞行过程中的英语

其实没什么好说的,无非是让你选餐时,你选chicken还是beef此类的.....你就说
Chicken please 一切OK.



主动要水:Could I have a cup of orange juice, please
主动要毯子:May I have a blanket?

如果要找个人换座,可以说:Would it be possible to change seats with someone?
如果有人坐在你椅子上了,可以说: I'm sorry, I think you are in my seat.


飞机广播一般不用听懂,多数情况下就是遇到湍流,请系紧安全带之类
Please fasten your seat belt。
P.S 有很多同学去UK是蜜月,可能是第一次坐长时间航班,补充几点:
1. 飞机上卫生间的英文标识是 lavatory
2. 飞机下降前,空乘会严格要求 “系紧安全带 + 收起桌板 + 调正座椅 + 打开窗帘(遮板)” -- 原因是飞机下降和起飞都是最危险阶段,桌板会导致危险(可想而知),座椅不正的话安全带无法起作用,打开遮板是为了让人的眼睛能提前适应外面的黑暗或者强光。


3. 在境外转机
转机时,先看机票上的航班号,然后从机场的航班指示屏幕上找到该航班在那个GATE登机,最后顺着机场标示走到这个GATE就好,不需要说话。但特殊情况可能是,你到了后,发现屏幕上有你要转的航班号,但是后面的GATE是空的,这时候你可以向机场工作人员确认下 hello, could you tell me which gate is for the flight XXX(航班号) please, 一般他们都会回答这个飞机delay了,或者在maintain , 需要再等待一下。




4.
抵达目的地,入关
其实入关,不用说什么,很多时候你就微笑下,递给海关护照...他盖章就让你进去了,下面是逻辑上可能的标准对话:
海关:where did you fly from? 或者 where have you come from?
你:from China
(如果你不给他护照,或者他需要别的东西会说:
May I have your passport and sth, please?)
海关:what is the purpose of your visit?
你: Sightseeing (说travel当然也可以,但Sightseeing更地道)
海关:How long are you planning to stay?
你:Two weeks.

        

5. 从目的地返回时过安检(托运那块和开始是一样的)
- 安检基本上不说话,顶多是查的严时让你脱掉鞋和皮带:
  Take off your belt / Take your shoes off. 什么的


6. 实用单词
姓:Family name,Surname
名:First Name,Given name
性别:sex,gender
男:male; 女:female
国籍:nationality,country of citizenship
护照号:passport number
原住地:country of origin
前往国:destination country
登机城市:city where you boarded
签证签发地:city where visa was issued
签发日期:date of issue
出生日期:date of birth,birth date
年:year;月:month;日:day
偕行人数:accompanying number
签名:signature
官方填写:official use only
职业:occupation
护照:Passport;
签证:Visa
登机、启程:Embarkation
登岸:Disembarkation
商务签证:Business Visa
观光签证:Tourist Visa
乘机常用词汇航站、终点站:Terminal
行李:Baggage,Luggage
托运的行李:Checked baggage
行李领取处:Baggage claim area
随身行李:Carry-on baggage
行李牌:Baggage Tag
行李推车:Luggage Cart
退税处:Tax-free refund
盥洗室(厕所):Lavatory,washroom,toiletW.C.=water closet,rest room
男厕:Men's,Gent's,Gentlemen's
女厕:Women's,Lady's
使用中:Occupied
空闲:Vacant
男(女)空服员:Steward(Stewardess)
机内免税贩卖:In-Flight Sales
钱币兑换常用词汇外币兑换店:Currency Exchange Shop
汇率:Exchange rate
旅行支票:Traveler's check
手续费:Commission
银行买入价:We buy(Bid)
银行卖出价:We sell(Ask)
入境大厅:Arrival Lobby
出境大厅:Departure Lobby
机门号码:Gate Number
登机证:Boarding Card,Boarding Pass
机场税:Airport Tax
登机手续办理处:Check in Counter
海关申报处:Customs Service Area
货币申报:Currency Declaration
免税商品:Duty-Free Items
大号:large;中号:medium;小号:small
纪念品:Souvenir





7. 人工柜台换钱
问哪里有换钱的地方: Is there a money change around?
换英镑:Could you please exchange this into the Pound.

2015-9-14 17:02 

交通工具

地铁/火车买票
你: Hello, Could I get one ticket to London, please (买张到伦敦的票)
(也可以指定时间,再加上 for the 5:00 PM train | 另外买东西时一般就是用Could I have/get,或者I'd like to buy...)
对方:Single or return? (单程往返)
你:Return, please.
对方:64 Pounds, please.
你:Here you are.
对方:Here's your ticket and change.
你:thank you.
* 如果是火车票的话,对方还可能会告诉你你的train will leave from platform 3(你的火车在几号站台)* 英国的火车经常要换车,所以墙裂建议提前网上做好功课,订好票。


公交车
确认是否乘对了车: Can I get to XXX on this bus? 问车费:How much is the fare?
问旁边人的这是哪站:Where are we? (因为很多城市根本不报站,没提示啊 亲,再次提醒,提前做好功课)


问是否是这个地方下车
公交车的话,抓旁边的人问 Excuse me, I am going to XX , should I get off at this stop?
火车的话,Excuse me, I am going to XX , should I get off at this station? (这里科普下,有的车厢没有提示,广播又很难听懂...这时候,你要做的是 提前了解这条路线经过那些站,以及注意牌子 <--- 车减速进站时,窗外会看到一个一闪而过的牌子)P.S. 再次提醒,身边的人可能不爱理你(因为好多人是住郊区,坐火车上下班,对沿途不关心,确实不知道是哪里什么的) 记着换人问~
P.S. 怕麻烦的同学,可以考虑 打车(小城市打车不贵),地铁(可惜没几个城市有),以及Coach (英国的Coach其实比火车靠谱)



出租车
上车告诉司机去哪里: XXXX hotel, please. 或者拿着酒店名片/地址等,说: Take me to this address, please
让司机打开后备箱:Could you help me open the boot?
问价格:How much is the fare (其实司机会主动告诉你的)

小费:如果接近整数 你高兴的话,可以说 Keep the change 就好了!但也可以不给小费,司机也会耐心给你找零,传说他们挣的很多~

2015-9-14 17:03 

酒店篇
因为大家都是提前在网上预订好,所以这里就不介绍预订英语了,要说话的地方应该就是check in 和check out时,如果想要额外的room service....那进了房间看服务的册子(room menu)吧,这里也不多提了。

Check in 很简单,走进大堂,找到前台,把护照递给他,然后说
         Hi, I have a reservation and I am checking in。

* 他们可能会要你的信用卡,冻结点钱,防止你搞破坏,或者看付费频道后逃跑......
   然后他们就给你钥匙......你去找房间就好啦。

* 这里的一个常见问题是问早餐几点开始: What time do you start serving breakfast?



Check out 同样,你就说  I'd like to Check out, please 然后给他们钥匙就成了!

* 如果你有额外消费(收费节目,吃了冰箱的东西等),酒店会对你说:
  "Your credit card will be charged a total of $256.78. Can you sign on the bottom?"
  "Should we charge the credit card on file or did you want to use a different card?"
  然后你签单走人也就好了。
* 如果你不知道几点check out,可以提前一天问前台:
  What time do I have to check out tomorrow?* 如果你一人搞不定行李,希望有人来帮忙,可以电话前台:
  Could you sent someone up for my luggage?
* 如果想寄存行李:
  Is it possible to leave my luggage here until XX(时间)



让酒店前台帮忙叫出租车:
因为出租车是要靠电话叫的,所以可以拜托前台,可以说:
Hello, I am going to XXXX, Could you please call me a taxi?
也可以提前订车:
I'd like to go to XXXXX, Could you please help me to book a taxi at 时间.



其他:
* check in后,酒店可能会问你是否need help with your bags,需要的话...记得给小费,不想给就自己来,就说 No thanks 就好。
* 如果你要人给你清扫房间,可以对前台说:Could you get someone to clean my room, please?
* 如果想去别的地方,比如市中心,可以问前台: How do I get to city center from here? Can I take a bus or do I have to take a taxi? 或者 Do you have a map of the city ?
* 如果要前台推荐吃饭的地方可以说: Can you recommend a good restaurant around here?
* 如果房间里什么东西坏了: There is something wrong with XXX.
* 隔壁太吵:It is very noisy next door.

2015-9-14 17:03 

餐饮篇

快餐
比如麦当劳和Subway,其实...旅游期间...有时候会觉得麦当劳挺好吃的....其英语对话也非常简单:
麦当劳:.... welcome to McDonald's. May I take your order? ...
你: I'll take a Big Mac and a small coke. (当然,要套餐最容易,直接说 No.7 please 就可以。)
麦当劳: One Big Mac and One small coke, Will that be all?
你: Yes
麦当劳: Will that be for here or to go?
你: For here please.
麦当劳: The total comes to 5欧
你:..... 给钱.......

引申版:
可乐换成别的:Can I change the coke to juice?
不加冰:No Ice, please
单词提醒:番茄酱 Ketchup, 餐饮纸 Napkin或者tissue, 吸管 Straw

P.S.我要点XXX 这个,比较简单的说法就是 I'll have XX 或者 I'll take XX,更礼貌的说法是 I'd like to have/take XXX, 不礼貌的说法是 Can I get XXX.


咖啡馆
请先回顾下自己常喝咖啡的大体名字,Black coffe, Latte, Cappuccino,忘记发音的话,可以自行去星巴克复习~
要咖啡,可以简单的 XXX,please 完成,也可以完整的说, Please give me a cup of XXX 完成。




餐馆篇
进餐馆时,如果有人招待,可能会问你 Welcome to XX. Do you have a reservation?
你可以说 No, Do you have any free tables right now? ..... 然后他会给你带到桌子那里去
如果你不满意,比如想找个靠窗的桌子,可以说 Could we get a table by the window?

入座后,餐馆先会问你是否要个饮料,比如:
Would you like to order a drink now? / What would you like to drink.
如果你不想花钱喝饮料,直接说 Water will be fine 或者 Can I have a glass of water? 就成!
想喝东西的话可以说 I'll take a coke, I'll have an orange juice, 或者你可以问下 What kind of drinks do you have?等。

然后餐馆给你端来水(期间你可以研究下菜单),会问你是否开始点菜:
May I take your order? /. What would like to order? / Are you ready to order?

如果你还没想好,说 Can I have a couple more minutes? 或者说 We need a few minutes to decide.
想好了,服务生走了,可以说 waiter/waitress, may I order?
点菜就简单了:
I'll take the Salisbury steak.... (不会发音, 那就指着菜单说 I'll take this,或者this one, this one的也成)

你点好后,餐馆可能会根据你点的,推荐点别的,比如
Would you like toast, a muffin, or a cornbread?  不想要继续 No thanks 。
...... 然后就可以等着,然后吃饭了!

吃饭期间,有些餐馆可能会来人问你
How is everything? Is everything ok? How is your dinner? Do you need anything else?
其实...就是问你是否还想要点别的,多赚点钱....话说回来一开始你也确实不用把甜点啊什么都点了... 如果你觉得味道还行可以说 Yes, that was a really great meal. We both loved it. 然后餐馆可能会说 Is there anything else I can get you? 不要就是No thanks,要的话....就继续take这个那个好了。

当你快吃完了,餐馆可能会问你是否来点甜点。
Would you like dessert today?  / Would you like our dessert menu?  
不要的话,no thanks继续,要的话可以要个dessert menu,然后继续take这个那个的。

如果要结账,盯着一个服务人员看,然后挥下手叫人过来,然后说
Can I have my check? 或者 Check, please.

想打包:
Could you please pack up these (指东西)

如果是热门餐馆,你想订餐:
I'd like to book a table for X people, We'll come at XXpm today。

如果是热门餐馆,你没有订餐,要排队,你想知道多久:
how much longer do we have to wait? 或者
how many people are waiting in front of us?

如果是小餐馆,进去后没人理:
要菜单: menu, please.
等半天没上菜: We haven't got our food yet / I placed my order 30 minutes ago
上菜给上错了: I didn't order this.
结帐了,钱算错了:We didn't order this / What's this 10 pounds for
要个打包袋子:Could you give me  a doggie bag?

* 如果想多要个盘子什么的:please give me one more table/knife/fork/cup等等。
* 如果你不知道是直接给钱还是收钱的那块给钱(这句话说的很别扭...) 可以拿了check后说 Excuse me, do we pay here or at the case register.
* 如果你不知道餐费里是不是包含了小费,你可以直接问:Is the tip included in the check? 人家说No的话就掏钱吧.....
* 另外...有时候很饿又找不到餐馆,问路时就是 Excuse me, could you tell me where the nearest restaurant is?


市场里买散装食品
问能保鲜多久:How long does it stay fresh?

FAQ
Q. 牛排或者牛肉类的生熟度如何表达?
A. 全熟不见血是 Well done,中间粉色是 Medium,再生一点是 Medium Rare,三分熟也就是切开后一片粉色是 Rare

Q. 蒸烤炒这些做菜方式的英文是什么?
A. 煮(boil) 比如鸡蛋;  煎(fry) 比如牛排,薯条;烤(roast) 烤箱里的各种肉;蒸(steam) 一般是蒸蔬菜

2015-9-14 17:03 

购物

如果是在商场:
一般店员会问:May I help you? 或者 Can I help you find something?
我一般就是 I'm just looking around. 呵呵,如果你确实在找东西,比如要个小号的衬衫,那就是Yes, Do you have this shirt in a smaller size?或者 Where are your blue jeans 这类。
买鞋比较特殊,因为你必须要售货员给拿出来?你要找到店员问:
Can I try this shoe on in a seven?  /  Can I get this in a size six? (或者你就是想问是否能试试,那 Can I try it on? 这种就OK了)
因为国内和欧式标准不大一样,所以下面得话比较有用:
I don't know what my size is, can you take my measurement?
在其他类型的店里,其实就不用说什么话了,无非是你在找东西时可以问下,
但句型很简单: Where can I find xxx? / Do you sell XX here?
* 问试衣间在哪里: Where is the fitting room?  试过后觉得不合适需要小号,I think I need a smaller size.
* 问是否能刷卡 Can I pay by credit card.
* 确认衣服是不是打折: It's on sale, right?
* 问店什么时候开门,什么时候关门: What time do you open in the morning?  /  What time do you close?
* 最后补一个......最初学者....购物必问句: How much is it?

衣服单词:gloves - 手套,boots - 靴子,socks - 袜子,jeans - 仔裤,jacket - 夹克,skirt - 短裙,hat - 帽子,shoes - 鞋,belt - 皮带,shirt - 衬衫 ,boxers - 男士短裤

如果是在集市/小店:
问这货多少钱:How much is it? 问是否接受信用卡:Do you accept credit card?
表达太贵: It is too expensive  如果想表达一种磨叽价格的感觉,则是 It is little pricey 或者说 It is out of my price range 都可以
想直接砍价:Can you give me a better deal?
想表达这价格接受不了,我再去其他店逛逛:I will shop around for a while.

2015-9-14 17:04 

其他(问路等..... 继续补充中)

没听懂对方时
让对方说慢些: I am not good at English, Could you speak slowly?
让对方再说一遍:用疑问语气说 Sorry? 就可以。

问卫生间在那里
Could you tell me where is the rest room? (或者说 men's room ,lady's room,用wc, toilet 对方会表示疑惑)


问路 这里先要说明,UK人民很极端的,你会遇到好心人见你看地图,就主动问是否要帮助,或者主动是不是要去当地某知名景点然后给你指路,或者主动给你带路(最后再卖弄下自己会说中文的再见,或者说自己以前去过天朝 <--- 好多UK人真的来过中国 <---- 在雾霾这事没闹起来前的那些年....) BUT! 另一个极端的UK人民则会装没看见你,没听见你,或者就冷脸不愿意帮你 <--- 换人就好~

问路:Excuse me, Could you please tell me the way to the railway station?
拿着地图问自己在那里:Excuse me, Where am I on the map?
问最近的XX在那里:Excuse me, where is the nearest XXX?

可能回答(有很多种,抓关键词就好)  ---- 提示一下,如果你没听懂,最好再确认下,真觉得对方口音搞不定,也稍微等人家走远再换人问,要不那人会觉得你耍他....
Turn right after you pass McDonalds.
When you see a church on your left hand side, turn right on the next street.
Go down the street, turn left on Williams street, and it will be right around the corner from the gas station.
It's pretty far from here, Go on Williams Street for about 2 miles, you'll see it next to a school.

2015-9-14 17:04 

食物名称速查表




用微信扫描下方2个二维码,然后长按,就可以另存在手机里


2015-9-15 17:35 

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